Rare Signed Document: General Boyé; 1803
Signed document "Boyé", 1 page, large 4to; Cap, 14 September 1803. Partially printed, with letter-head. Two stamps. Minimal loss on folding, text not affected; good condition. Rare. Appointment, signed by Boyé, of Huillier, as captain adjutant-major, as reward of his service and military achievement. The life of General Boyé was amazing. Twice prisoner of the English, he was released in 1811 and entered in the Emperor's service. He commanded the 12th division during the campaign of Russia. Prisoner of the Russian army, he was taken in charge by Lev Tolstoy and married Tolstoy's daughter, Anna, with whom he had three children. Released in 1814, he remained in Russia, where he worked for the tsar.
The colony of Saint-Dominigue, roughly the same geographical land mass that is today Haiti, was the richest colony in the West Indies and probably the richest colony in the history of the world. Driven by slave labor and enabled by fertile soil and ideal climate, Saint-Domingue produced sugar, coffee, cocoa, indigo, tobacco, cotton, sisal as well as some fruits and vegetables for the motherland, France.
When the French Revolution broke out in 1789, there were four distinct sets of interest groups in Saint-Domingue, with distinct sets of interests and even some important distinctions within these many categories:
His Military Career
In 1790, he was a captain in the National Guard of Caussade until September 1791 .
On 20 December 1791 , he was committed to Bordeaux as a volunteer aboard the state frigate, "The Overseer", commanded by Captain Fercey, by order of Girardin Wing Commander towards Santo Domingo .
In Santo Domingo (now Haiti ) on 14 January 1793 , he was appointed lieutenant, deputy general adjutancy. Approved by the Commissioner, Governor General Mr. Hall.
The 1 st June of the same year, he was appointed Captain first class, Assistant to the General adjutancy Santo Domingo, Patenting and Civil Commissioners, Polverel Sonthonax.
On 15 July 1793 , acting commander of the place of Port-au-Prince , by commission of the commander of the Western Province, approved by the Civil Commissioner, Ploverel.
On 28 January 1794 , he took the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, the second battalion of the Western Legion of patent and civil commissioners Polverel Sonthonax.
Then, 9 April 1794 , he became commander holder of Port-au-Prince , by civil commissioners and Polverel Sonthonax.
10 November 1795, he became military commander of the district of Jacmel , by commission of General Beauvais , commanding the western department.
In the year 1800, he was sent to Santo Domingo, in charge of the government close by the French State. Appointed Brigadier General and confirmed at that rank by Bonaparte in 1804 .
In the same year 1803 Boye' was taken prisoner by the English and taken to Jamaica, where he was detained until the arrival of the army.
Arrested in Santo Domingo, as against Interior Rebels, and as against the Spaniards and the English, the campaigns of the year II, III, IV, V, and VI (late 1793 to late 1797). He commanded in chief three expeditions, one against the inside of the rebels, and the other two against the English and emigrant's handsets, which he removed several entrenched camps around the Port-au-Prince . He has also been charged with various political missions that he fulfilled with honor and success.
Ref; NAVAL CHRONOLOGY 1803 By James Ralfe..
James Ralfe (fl. 1820-1829) was a historian best remembered for this comprehensive history of British naval involvement in the Napoleonic Wars. First published in 1820 and intended as a successor and continuation of Captain Isaac Schomberg's history of the navy, Naval Chronology, Ralfe's work is remarkably detailed, using first-hand accounts of naval engagements taken from interviews with officers and sailors in addition to contemporary official naval documents. Chronologically by year, Ralfe notes and explains major parliamentary proceedings relating to the navy, lists the serving flag officers for the given year, and describes naval battles and engagements, arranged according to location.
Transcripts from the Naval Chronology of 1803 for the surrender of Boyè as follows;
Papers Relating to the Surrender of Cape Francios – Transmitted by Sir J. T. Duckworth, From General Rochambeau to Captain Loring.
Pour prevenier l'effusion du sang et sauver les dedris de l armee St. Domingue, j ai L honneur de vous envoyer deaux officers chargès de mes instrutions à l effet d'entrer en accommodement avec vous; Le General de Brigade Boyè, chef de l'etat major-general, et le Captain de Vaisseau Barre', sont charges de vous remettre ma Lettre. Je les ai choisi pour avior L'avantage de traiter avec vous.
From Captain Loring to General Rochambeau, Cape Francois Nov 19th
I have to aquiant you on the subject communicated to me by General Boyè and Commodore Barre, of your desire to negociate for surrender of Cape Francios to his Britannic Majesty, that I send for the purpose, and to know your final determination, Captain Moss of his Majestys ship La Desiree, in order to agree with your wishes, insomuch as is consistent with the rights of his Britannic Majesty on that point.
Captain Bligh "Treaty of Amiens"
It was at this point that Captain Bligh of the Theseus, was to complete the evacuation of the Cape and Capitulation was entered into of General Boyè and Captain Barèe.
In 1811 General Boyè, was released in a prisoner exchange, he will return to the service of the Empire.
In 1812 , he was appointed Chief of Staff of the 12 th Division ( Partouneaux ), the 9th Corps (Duke of Belluno ) and made the Russian campaign .
During the retreat from Russia, at the Battle of Berezina , harassed by the Cossacks, his division was believed to be following the 9th General Corps Duke of Belluno, in fact follows a Russian division. All of the 12th division or what remains of it is made prisoner.
Then transferred to the city of Kazan (Tatarstan) in Russia and seriously ill during his transfer which was done on foot.
It happens in this city between life and death. It is pitied by a rich landowner in Kazan : "Lev Tolstoy Vasilyevich This gives him hospitality is cared for by a young girl Anna, who is the youngest daughter of the landowner He receives 1,800 rubles... a year as General prisoner of war."
Jacques Boye heals and, despite his 47 years, wife Anna who will give him three children: Pietr, born in 1814 , Eugenia, born in 1816 and Yacov, born in 1820 .
He was released in 1814 and settled near Saint Petersburg to Negin where he bought a house, Grafskaya Street, home of Boyko. He gave private lessons in French and Military Sciences and worked as Governor in the Ralle baron.
In 1820, he wrote to the minister of war and puts himself at the disposal of the King, asking for permission to stay in Russia, collecting retirement Field Marshal and emoluments of his Legion of Honor.
In 1822 , he was sent by the King of France in Santo Domingo, a country he knows well, having lived 1792 to 1804 as project manager.
After his return from Santo Domingo, he returned to Russia to join his wife Anna and his children. He took Russian citizenship, changes his name and is now called Yakov (Jacques) Petrovich (son of Peter) Boyko (name widespread in Russia nearest Boye) and married Orthodox religion.
He worked in a private practice of the Tsar as an official assigned to special missions, then he became adviser of State to the Tsar . His two son are military.
General Jacques Boye died in St. Petersburg in 1838 and is buried at Smolensk cemetery in that city. His younger son Yakov Yakovitch Boyko was a major in artillery of the Russian army. He died in 1909 and was buried with his father.